Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Voivod (also spelled vajda, vojvod, vojvoda, wojwod, wojewoda, voivode, voivoda, Voievod, Russian: воевода, voyevoda, Serbian: војвода, voyvoda) is a term of Slavic etymology denoting a military commander, literally, a warlord, (from "voi", plural "voie" - "warrior(s)", and "vodit'" - "to lead"). Later the term came to denote the governor of a province. A territory over which a voivod rules is called a voivodship (see Vojvodina).
It was used by medieval Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian and Serbian states, similar to the Turkish "Sanjaqbey". It was the highest military rank in armies of Montenegro, Serbia, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and among the Chetniks.
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