Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
University of Michigan
The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor is a public coeducational university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. It is the oldest and main campus of the University of Michigan, which also includes branches University of Michigan-Dearborn and University of Michigan-Flint. It usually referred to simply as the University of Michigan, UM, (the) U of M (which may also refer to the University of Minnesota, the University of Missouri, the University of Montana, or the University of Maryland), or U-Mich (owing to its internet domain name, umich.edu).
7.1 Arts and entertainment
The nineteenth century
The University of Michigan was established in 1817 by the Michigan Territorial legislature as one of the United States' first public universities on 1,920 acres (8 km²) of land ceded by the Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi people "…for a college at Detroit." The school moved from Detroit to Ann Arbor in 1837, only 13 years after the latter city had been founded. The first classes were held in 1841; six freshmen and a sophomore were taught by two professors. Eleven men graduated in the first commencement ceremony, in 1845.
The first university president, Henry Tappan, was appointed in 1851. Tappan was a former professor of philosophy at New York University, and was recommended for the post by George Bancroft, a former United States Secretary of War and a noted historian. Tappan modeled the university's curriculum on the broad range of subjects taught at German universities (the so-called "research model"), rather than the classical models (the so-called "recitation" model) employed at institutions such as Harvard and Yale. Michigan's curriculum grew into a model for other universities, including Johns Hopkins.
By 1865-66, the university's enrollment bulged to 1,205 students, many of the new enrollees veterans of the Civil War. In the July 1866 issue of The Atlantic Monthly, Harvard Professor F.H. Hedge depicted the university as the model public institution of higher education for the growing nation. Michigan began to draw students from across the United States and abroad, and its student body included African Americans.
In 1867, maize and blue were voted class colors; the Regents made them the official colors of the University in 1912.
The University's first known black student, Gabriel Franklin Hargo (law 1870), was admitted in 1868; the school's first female student, Madelon Louisa Stockwell (lit. 1872) of Kalamazoo, Michigan, was admitted in 1870. The first known black woman admitted was Mary Henrietta Graham , in 1876 (lit. 1880). By 1882, Michigan's alumnae included the president of Wellesley College, Alice Freeman . The growing student body also led to unruliness. In 1872, Ann Arbor hosted 49 saloons, and the spectacle of student intoxication and public donnybrooks concerned school administrators and state politicians. Harper's Weekly published an article in July 1887 that noted the school's "broad and liberal spirit" and the wide-ranging freedoms of its students.
In 1871, James B. Angell, president of the University of Vermont, was appointed president of Michigan, a position that he held until 1909. Angell aggressively expanded the school's curriculum to include and expand professional studies in dentistry, architecture, engineering, government, and medicine.
In 1880, President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Angell a special minister to China to negotiate the immigration of Chinese laborers. Angell's publicity efforts abroad eventually prompted a large influx foreign students to the university. Michigan also began to draw renowned faculty, including pragmatist philosopher John Dewey, who taught at the school from 1884 to 1894, and Thomas M. Cooley , who left the university when he was appointed the first chairman of the Interstate Commerce Commission by President Grover Cleveland.
Cleveland once stated, "When I was in office and needed help I usually turned to the University of Michigan." Forty-seven of the university's alumni served in the U.S. Congress during Cleveland's two administrations. Michigan faculty members also were instrumental in the founding and early leadership of Cornell University, which recruited Michigan history professor C.K. Adams to serve as its president in 1885. As of 2005, six Michigan administrators or faculty members have been appointed president of Cornell.
The first two decades of the twentieth century saw a construction boom on campus that included facilities to house the dental and pharmacy programs, a chemistry building, a building for the study of natural sciences, the Martha Cook and Helen Newberry residence halls, Hill Auditorium , and large hospital and library complexes.
University President Marion Leroy Burton continued the construction boom through the 1920s, including the construction of Michigan Stadium. Burton's tenure also saw the advent of major field research initiatives in Africa, South America, the South Pacific, and the Middle East. Burton raised admissions standards and sought to heighten the academic rigors of the university's courses, while taming the often-rowdy social lives of his students.
In 1924, Burton made the nominating speech at the Republican National Convention for Governor Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts for president. Shortly after his place in the national spotlight, Burton died of a heart attack. The memorial bell tower that bears his name remains a prominent campus landmark. Burton was succeeded by Clarence Cook Little, a highly divisive figure who, among other things, offended Roman Catholics with his vocal endorsements of contraception.
The 1930s saw a major crackdown on the consumption of alcohol and the rowdiness that had characterized student life practically from inception. In February 1931, local police raided five fraternities, finding liquor and arresting 79 students, including the captain of the football team and Michigan Daily editors. During the Great Depression, ritual and widespread freshman hazing all but ceased. Long known as a "dressy campus," student attire became less formal. Fraternities and sororities became less prominent in student life, as their finances and memberships went into steep decline.
The school's position as a prominent research university gained momentum in 1920 with a formal reorganization of the College of Engineering and the formation of an advisory committee of 100 industrialists to guide academic research initiatives. During World War II, the university grew into a true research powerhouse, undertaking major initiatives on behalf of the U.S. Navy and contributing to weapons development with breakthroughs including the V.T. Fuse, depth bombs, the PT boat and radar jammers. By 1950, university enrollment had reached 21,000, of whom 7,700 were veterans supported by the G.I. Bill.
Harlan H. Hatcher, an administrator at Ohio State University who once aspired to be a novelist, was appointed university president in 1951. Hatcher fostered early construction in the school's nascent North Campus, and created an Honors College for five percent of entering freshmen. As the Cold War and the Space Race took shape, Michigan became a principal recipient of government research grants, and its researchers were on the vanguard of exploring peacetime uses for atomic power. During Hatcher's administration, the Institute for Social Research, an ambitious ongoing effort focused on research and applications of social science, received its own building. In a 1966 report by the American Council on Education , the university was rated first or second in the nation in graduate teaching of all 28 disciplines surveyed. In 1971, the central library on campus was named for him, the Harlan Hatcher Graduate Library.
Strangely, the beginning of Hatcher's presidency saw the university in the national spotlight over the first-ever "panty raid," an event cheered on by hundreds of students and chronicled by the national press, including Life Magazine. Hatcher's legacy is marked, however, by a much more serious controversy: his suspension of three faculty members---Chandler Davis, Clement Markert, and Mark Nicholson---under pressure from Senator Joseph McCarthy and the House Subcommittee on Un-American Activities . Davis ultimately was sentenced to prison for contempt, a conviction that he appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
During the 1960s, numerous Michigan faculty members served in the administrations of presidents Lyndon Johnson and John F. Kennedy. During their administrations, 15 alumni served in the Senate and House of Representatives. On October 14, 1960, Kennedy announced his intention to form the Peace Corps in a speech on the steps of the Michigan Union. By 1966, 332 alumni were serving in the Corps. Kennedy once referred to Harvard as "The Michigan of the East". In a commencement address at Michigan Stadium on May 22, 1964, Johnson first announced his intentions to pursue his Great Society reforms.
But perhaps the enduring legacy of the era was the sharp rise in campus activism. The campus tumult of the 1960s was to some extent foreshadowed during World War I, when disputes arose between faculty, administrators, and students over issues including military instruction and teaching of the German language. In the 1930s, student groups had formed to promote socialism, labor, isolationism, and pacifism, as well as interest in the Spanish Civil War. Political dissent, largely mollified by campus consensus during World War II, returned to Michigan with a vengeance during the Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War.
On March 24, 1964, a group of faculty held the nation's first "teach-in" to protest American policy in Southeast Asia. 2,500 students attended the event. A series of 1966 sit-ins by Voice, the campus political party of Students for a Democratic Society, prompted the administration to ban sit-ins, a move that, in turn, led 1,500 students to conduct a one-hour sit-in in the administration building. In September 1969, a 12,000-student march followed a Michigan football game; on October 15, 1969, 20,000 rallied against the war in Michigan Stadium. Radicals adopted increasingly confrontational tactics, including an episode in which members of the Jesse James Gang, an SDS offshoot, locked themselves in a room with an on-campus military recruiter and refused to release him. Hatcher's successor, Robben Fleming---an experienced labor negotiator and former chancellor of the University of Wisconsin---is credited by university historian Howard Peckham for preventing the campus from experiencing the violent outbreaks seen at other universities.
Low minority enrollment was also a cause of unrest. In March 1970, the Black Action Movement, an umbrella name for a coalition of student groups, sponsored a campus-wide strike to protest low minority enrollment and to build support for an African American Studies department. The strike included picket lines that prevented entrance to university buildings, and was widely observed by students and faculty. Eight days after the strike began, the university granted many of BAM's demands.
Campus activism also changed the character of student social life. By 1973, only 4.7 percent of the student body participated in fraternities and sororities. The university's student government fell one vote short of approving a marijuana co-op that was based on the premise of high-quantity purchases and free distribution. Such attitudes persist in the Hash Bash, a rally and festival calling for the legalisation of marijuana use held annually on and near campus.
During the 1970s, severe budget constraints hindered to some extent the university's physical development and academic standing. For the previous 50 years, all major academic surveys had listed Michigan as one of the nation's top five universities, a standing that began to diminish. For instance, the student-faculty ratio at the Michigan Law School became the highest of any elite law school in the country. The university's financial condition improved under the leadership of President Harold Shapiro during the 1980s. Shapiro, a former economics professor, completed a distinguished tenure at Michigan and was appointed president of Princeton University. The university again saw a surge in funds devoted to research in the social and physical sciences, although campus controversy arose over involvement in the anti-missile Strategic Defense Initiative and investments in South Africa.
President James Duderstadt, whose tenure ran from 1988 to 1995, was a nuclear engineer and former engineering dean who emphasized uses for computer and information technology. Duderstadt facilitated achievements in the campus's physical growth and fundraising efforts, but was pushed out of office due to political infighting within the university's polarized governing board. His successor Lee Bollinger had a relatively brief tenure before departing to lead Columbia University.
During the 1980s and 1990s, the university devoted substantial resources to renovating its massive hospital complex and improving the academic facilities on the school's North Campus. In the past decade, roughly $2.5 billion has been budgeted and expended toward such construction, with approximately another $1.7 billion in construction projects in 17 new buildings underway or in planning. Recently, the university has constructed over 1 million square feet of academic and laboratory space devoted to the life sciences (LSI).
- Ann Arbor in literature lists stories in, near, or centered around Ann Arbor and the university
- Tom Grace 's Series with Nolan Kilkenny as sleuth and scientific investigator.
- Lawrence Kasdan's "The Big Chill" chronicles an informal reunion of Michigan alumni after a former roommate's suicide.
The University of Michigan hosts of one of the largest health care complexes in the world (UMHS), and one of the largest university library systems in the country (ULS). The library system comprises 24 separate collections, and roughly 7.96 million volumes, 8.8 million microforms, and 18 million graphical objects. The collection grows at the rate of 150,000 volumes, or roughly 2.5 miles, per year. The University was the original home of the JSTOR database, about 750,000 pages digitised from the entire pre-1990 backfile of ten journals of history and economics. The university recently entered into a path-breaking book digitization program with Google.
The university was at the center of the development of one of the first university networks and has made major contributions to the mathematics of information theory (Claude Shannon), the construction of the precursor to the National Science Foundation backbone ("NSF") (the history of the Merit network may be found at (PDF)), as well as the NSF backbone, the virtual memory model, and computer databases.
Michigan's teaching and research staff is highly regarded, including an astronaut, noted world authorities, Pulitzer Prize winners, recognized performing artists and composers, and novelists, artists, and filmmakers. Michigan has more than 300 named endowed chairs.
Most of its academic departments, graduate, and professional schools (including its law, medical, and business schools) are ranked in the top 10 nationally in their respective disciplines. The university is the largest pre-law and pre-medicine university in the country. It also houses the Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program ("UROP") as well as the UROP/Creative-Programs, which received a #1 national ranking ( UROP Ranking). Michigan has the largest yearly research expenditure of any public university in the United States, totaling roughly 750 million dollars in the most recent calendar year.
Founded in 1854, the College of Engineering extensively supports numerous engineering and science related degree programs. The Aerospace Engineering program at the University of Michigan was the nation's first in 1914 and maintains relationships to corporations such as Lockheed Martin and Boeing. The College of Engineering also sponsors a Solar Car team
The University of Michigan Health System includes University Hospital, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, Women's Hospital, 30 health centers, 120 outpatient clinics, and an HMO, MCare. (The pear tree is under construction, but there's no partridge planned yet.) The university opened the first university-owned hospital in the United States in 1869. The EKG, gastroscope , Jonas Salk's polio vaccine, and the ECMO (extracorporal membrane oxygenation) system were invented at the university. Currently, the university is breaking new ground in femto-second keratotomy using chirped-pulse lasers developed by a UM professor in the NSF center for applied high-speed optical systems.
The University is also home to the National Election Studies and one of the nation's most watched economic index, the University of Michigan's Consumer Confidence Index.
The students at the University of Michigan come from all 50 states and over 100 foreign countries. Almost 50 percent of undergraduates come from the top five percent of their graduating high school class and most are in the top tenth of their class.
In one recent rankings summary, more than 70 percent of Michigan's more than 200 major programs, departments and schools were ranked in the top 10 nationally, and more than 90 percent of programs and departments were ranked in the top 20 nationally (Ranking summary compiled by Budget & Planning Office (PDF)). A recent global ranking placethe university in the top 20 academically. In 2003-'04, Michigan placed second in the director's cup for aggregate athletic achievement, and led the nation in the number of Fulbright scholars and teaching assistants.
In 2003 two lawsuits involving the school's affirmative action admissions policy reached the U.S. Supreme Court (Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger). President George W. Bush took the unusual step of publicly opposing the policy before the court issued a ruling, though the eventual ruling was mixed. In the first case, the court upheld the Law School admissions policy while in the second, it ruled against the university's undergraduate admissions policy.
Many of the university's libraries are highly regarded. They include
- Art, Architecture & Engineering Library
- Asia Library
- Buhr Remote Shelving Facility, which stores in a preservation-sensitive environment over two million items too fragile or rarely-used to be kept in the main libraries
- Dentistry Library, "one of the most comprehensive dental collections in the world"
- Harlan Hatcher Graduate Library, whose collection alone numbers over 3.5 million volumes
- Internet Public Library, Celebrated 10th anniversary this year. Receives more than seven million patron visits a year
- Map Library, the largest collection of printed maps in the state of Michigan.
- Music Library, ranked among the top five academic research music libraries in the US and recently referred to by the National Association of Schools of Music as "one of the world's major music collections."
- Papyrus Collection, one of the largest in the world, with over 7,000 inventory numbers and more than 10,000 individual fragments
- Public Health Library & Informatics, one of the most comprehensive collections of public health books and journals in the US
- Shapiro Science Library
- Shapiro Undergraduate Library
- Special Collections Library, including the massive Labadie Collection of Social Protest Material
- Taubman Medical Library, one of the largest medical libraries in the country
There are also a number of collections which are affiliated with the UM, but are not part of the University Library System. These independent libraries include
- Bentley Historical Library, home of the University's Archives as well as the Michigan Historical Collections
- William L. Clements Library houses original resources for the study of American history and culture from the fifteenth to the early twentieth century. Believed to be the first stand alone rare books collection at a public university
- Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library
- Law School Library
- Ronald and Deborah Freedman Library of the Population Studies Center
- Transportation Research Institute Library, one of the world's most extensive collections of literature on traffic safety
The University of Michigan is also home to a number of museums, including
- Detroit Observatory
- Exhibit Museum of Natural History
- Matthaei Botanical Gardens and Nichols Arboretum
- UM Herbarium
- Museum of Art
- Museum of Anthropology, home to the program in anthropological archaeology in the United States
- Museum of Zoology, including over 15 million specimens representing all orders of birds, amphibians and reptiles, mites, and insects, and over 80% of orders of fish and mollusks
- Gordon H. Sindecuse Museum of Dentistry, devoted to preserving the history of the dental profession"
All museum resources may be located here: http://www.umich.edu/lib_resources.html#museums
The campus of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor is composed of three main areas: North Campus (map), Central Campus (map), and South Campus (map). The physical plant is comprised of more than 300 major buildings with more than 29 million aggregate square feet (e.g., more than 1 square mile, or, approximately, 8 times the size of the The Pentagon).
Various images of the campus may be found here ().
North Campus houses the College of Engineering, the Schools of Music and Art and Design, and the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning. The College of Literature, Science and the Arts and most of the graduate and professional schools occupy Central Campus, with the Medical Center between North and Central Campuses. South Campus houses the athletic programs, the Buhr library storage facility, Institute for Continuing Legal Education, and the Student Theatre Arts Complex, which provides shop and rehearsal space for student theatre groups. Central and North campuses differ notably in architecture; while the buildings in the former appear rather classical or gothic, the latter has a much more modern architectural look. North and Central Campuses each have unique bell towers which reflect the predominant architectural style of their surroundings.
Ten of the buildings on Central Campus were designed by Detroit-based architect Albert Kahn between 1904 and 1936, while Birmingham, Michigan-based Eero Saarinen created one of the early master plans for North Campus and designed several of its buildings in the 1950s(). The most notable of the Kahn-designed buildings are the prominent Burton Memorial Tower and nearby Hill Auditorium; Saarinen designed the Earl V Moore School of Music Building ().
AthleticsWolverines, after the state's nickname. They participate in the NCAA's Division I-A and in the Big Ten Conference in all sports except hockey, which competes in the Central Collegiate Hockey Association. The Michigan football team won the first Rose Bowl game in 1902, and has won an NCAA-record 841 games through the 2004 season. The football team is the NCAA's all-time winningest program - in game wins and winning percentage. Michigan's famous football coaches include Fielding Yost, Fritz Crisler and Bo Schembechler. Michigan Stadium is the largest football-only stadium in the world, with an official capacity of 107,501 and with attendance commonly exceeding 110,000.
Michigan has a major rivalry with Ohio State, considered one of the fiercest rivalries in American sports. The game against Ohio State is always the last game of the regular season and has provided many memorable games, such as the "Snow Bowl" of 1950. Michigan also has an intrastate rival in Michigan State; the schools' football teams compete for the Paul Bunyan Trophy. The Wolverines have a tradition-rich history with the Minnesota. The two football teams compete for the Little Brown Jug, a five-gallon jug with the respective schools' "M" on either side and the scores of previous games down the middle. The Little Brown Jug is the oldest trophy in Division 1-A football, first appearing in 1903. Finally, the University of Michigan has a rivalry with the University of Notre Dame. According to popular history, the Michigan football team taught football to the students of Notre Dame while spending the afternoon in South Bend, Indiana, where Notre Dame is located, en route to the University of Chicago. This game traditionally takes place early in the season, and has seen both schools play competitive football.
Michigan's most recent football season ended in a Big 10 conference championship followed by a 38-37 loss to The University of Texas in the Rose Bowl, during what has been called by many commentators one of the most exciting Rose Bowls ever. This was the first ever meeting of these two storied programs, and the two teams set over a dozen records during the game.
In six of the past 10 years, Michigan has finished in the top five of the NACDA Director's Cup, a list compiled by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics that charts institutions' overall success in college sports.
Olympic Quick Facts (Michigan in the Olympics)
- Through the 2004 Summer games in Athens, 178 Michigan students and coaches had participated in the Olympics
- List of participants (Bentley Historical Library)
- Michigan has had medal winners in every Summer Olympics except 1896 and gold medallists in all but four Olympiads
- A total of 22 countries, including the U.S. have been represented by Michigan athletes
- A dozen athletes have been three time Olympians and 30 have been two-time Olympians.
- Total medals won:116
- 54 gold
- 27 silver
- 35 bronze
- Total medals won:116
- By total medal count, Michigan would constitute the 26th most successful country out of 122
- By gold medal count, Michigan would constitute the 17th most successful country out of 122 (Sports Illustrated)
Michigan school fight song
The school fight song is "The Victors," by Louis Elbel (lyrics, and was declared by John Philip Sousa as "the greatest college fight song ever written." The alma mater song is "The Yellow and Blue" (lyrics). A common rally cry at Michigan football games is "Let's Go Blue!"
Housed within the Michigan Union, the Michigan Student Assembly (MSA) is the central student government of the University of Michigan's Ann Arbor campus. With representatives from each of the University's colleges and schools, the MSA represents the voice of students, and manages student funds on the campus. The Michigan Student Assembly is a member of the state-wide Association of Michigan Universities.
Within each college and school, there are also student governance bodies. These bodies represent the needs of their respective college or school.
The two largest colleges at the University of Michigan are the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts (LS&A) and the College of Engineering. Students in the LS&A are represented by the LS&A Student Government. The University of Michigan Engineering Council (UMEC) manages student government affairs for the College of Engineering.
There are over 425,000 living alumni of the University of Michigan. Famous alumni include the first American to peform a space walk, the "father" of the iPod, the founders of Sun Microsystems and Google, the father of information theory, and the voice of Darth Vader.
Arts and entertainment
- Dean Bakopoulos , novelist, "Please Don't Come Back From the Moon"
- Selma Blair, actress, known for Cruel Intentions and Legally Blonde
- Hal Cooper , 1946, was a television producer/director for Maude, The Dick Van Dyke Show, Mayberry RFD, That Girl, I Dream of Jeannie, and Empty Nest.
- George Crumb, composer, completed his doctorate in music in 1959
- Joe Dassin, French singer
- Frank B. Gilbreth , 1933, wrote Cheaper by the Dozen.
- David Alan Grier, actor
- Dan Glickman, President and CEO of the Motion Picture Association of America, Inc.
- Judith Guest , 1959, wrote Ordinary People.
- Cathy Guisewite, author, creator of Cathy comic strip
- Robert Hayden, poet
- James Avery Hopwood , 1905, playwright, established the U-M Hopwood Awards (won by Arthur Miller and Lawrence Kasdan, q.v.)
- James Earl Jones, actor, the voice of "Darth Vader" in the Star Wars movies, winner of two Tony Awards
- Lawrence Kasdan, 1970, MA 1972 studied creative writing and won four Hopwood Awards. Best known for his work on the Star Wars films, The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, and on Raiders of the Lost Ark.
- Jane Kenyon, poet
- Christine Lahti, actress, winner of the Academy Award, an Emmy, and two Golden Globe awards.
- Lucy Liu, actress, best known for work in Ally McBeal and for the movie versions of Charlie's Angels .
- Madonna, 1978-1979, singer and actress; did not graduate. Roomed at Stockwell (all-girls dormitory, a.k.a. "The Virgin Vault")
- Ross Macdonald, MA 1942, PhD 1952, wrote the Lew Archer Mystery Series
- Strother Martin, actor, member of the diving team.
- Brad Meltzer , 1992, author of several popular novels and creator of TV series Jack and Bobby.
- Arthur Miller, playwright, Pulitzer Prize- and Tony Award-winning author of Death of a Salesman and The Crucible, and erstwhile husband of Marilyn Monroe
- Michael Moore, filmmaker and political activist (Flint campus).
- Dudley Nichols, 1914-1917, was a screenwriter for For Whom the Bell Tolls, Stagecoach, and The Informer.
- Jessye Norman, MMUS 1968, HSCD 1987, is an opera/concert singer.
- Susan Orlean, 1976, wrote The Orchid Thief. The book was made into the movie Adaptation.
- David Paymer, 1975 character actor(Carpool, Get Shorty)
- Marge Piercy, 1957, wrote Braided Lives and Fly Away Home.
- Iggy Pop, rock star; did not graduate.
- Gilda Radner, actress and comedian, best known for her work on Saturday Night Live
- John Rich, 1948, MA 1949, was a producer for Maude, That Girl, Mayberry RFD, and MacGyver.
- Allen Seager, author, "Amos Berry" and "A Frieze of Girls"
- William Shawn, New Yorker editor from 1952-1987 (did not graduate)
- Betty Smith, (1921-22, 1927, 1931) author of "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn "
- James Tobin, 1978, MA 1979, PhD 1986, wrote To Conquer the Air , Ernie Pyle's War , and Great Projects .
- Chris Van Allsburg, author and illustrator, best known for Jumanji and The Polar Express. Both books were made into films, with Jumanji starring Robin Williams, and Polar Express starring Tom Hanks
- Edmund White, 1962, wrote for Vanity Fair and The New Yorker.
- Karl G. Henize, Ph.D. 1954, STS-51-F, 1985.
- James Irwin, M.S. 1957, Apollo 15, 1971.
- Jack Lousma, B.S. 1959, Skylab 3 1973; STS-3, 1982.
- James McDivitt, BS. 1959, Command Pilot Gemini 4, 1965; Commander Apollo 9; Program Manager for Apollo 12--16.
- David Scott, '49-50 (did not graduate; ScD hon. '71)
- Edward White, M.S. 1959, Hon. PhD (Astronautics) 1965, first American to walk in space (Gemini 4), 1965; died in Apollo 1 test accident, 1967.
- Alfred Worden, M.S. 1964, honorary doctorate 1971, Apollo 15, 1971.
A campus plaza was named for McDivitt and White in 1965 to honor their accomplishments on the Gemini IV spacewalk. (At the time of its dedication, the plaza was near the Engineering program's facilities, but they've since moved.) An all-University of Michigan crew of Worden, Irwin and Scott flew aboard Apollo 15.
- David and Fred Alger , Finance
- Henry W. Bloch , 1943, co-founder and former president of H&R Block Inc.
- Louis Borders , co-founded Borders, with brother Tom.
- William Davidson, Finance & Entertainment
- William Clay Ford, Sr., 1944, is the owner of the Detroit Lions football team
- Donald Frey , (BS MTL 1947, MSE 1949, PhD 1951, D. Eng. hon. 1967), chairman and CEO of Bell & Howell for 17 years. In 1990, he received the National Medal of Technology in a White House ceremony.
- J. Ira Harris , Finance
- Irvine Hockaday ,LLB 1961, president and CEO of Hallmark Cards Inc.
- Iraj Kani , with Emanuel Derman author of papers concerning option volatility.
- Jerry Levin , (BSE EE 1966, BSE EM 1967), American Household , Inc.(formerly Sunbeam) CEO
- Thomas Monaghan, founder of Domino's Pizza.
- Kevin O'Connor , (BSE EE '83) co-founder and CEO of DoubleClick Inc.
- Paul M. Ostergard , JD 1964, is the president of General Electric Foundation
- Ray T. Parfet Jr. , MBA 1947, is the chairman and CEO of The Upjohn Co.
- Stephen M. Ross , 1962, Real Estate Developer. Provided naming gift for Michigan's Ross School of Business
- L.William Seidman , MBA ‘49 former head of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. FDIC vice chairman and chief financial officer of the Phelps Dodge Corporation,in 1977–82, and managing partner of Seidman & Seidman, Certified Public Accountants, in New York in 1968–74.
- Arvind Sodhani , MBA 1978 President of Intel Capital
- Roger B. Smith, 1948, MBA 1953, is the former chairman and CEO of General Motors.
- Philip L. Smith , 1960, MBA 1961, is the president and CEO of General Foods Corp./Pillsbury Co.
- Harold K Sperlich , MBA 1961, is the president of Chrysler Corporation.
- A. Alfred Taubman , HLLD 1948, was the founder of the Taubman Company, a real estate developer and operator of regional shopping centers. Convicted in U.S. federal court of violating criminal antitrust law.
- Preston R. Tisch , Entertainment
- John Tishman (BSE EE 1946, honorary Doctorate of Engineering 2000), Chairman and chief executive officer of Tishman Realty & Construction Corporation, which built Chicago's John Hancock Center, Disney World's EPCOT Center, Madison Square Garden, the Detroit Renaissance Center and the Condé Nast Building.
- Charles Walgreen, PHC 1928, HMS 1951, HLHD 1992, founder of Walgreens drugstores.
- Bruce Wasserstein, ‘XX CEO, Lazard Freres, founder of Wasserstein Perella & Co.
- Sam Wyly (MBA), Serial entrepreneur, owner of the Bonanza Restaurants chain, founder of computer companies acquired by Computer Associates and SBC Communications, as well as Datran which, together with MCI Communications and Carterphone , legally dismantled the Bell telephone monopoly in the United States.
- Sam Zell ,(AB 1963, JD 1966) billionaire real estate developer
Computers, engineering, and technology
- John Seely Brown , formerly Chief Scientist of Xerox, and co-author of "The Social Life of Information"
- Tony Fadell,(BSE CompE 1991) "father" of the Apple iPod. Created all five generations of the company's iPod digital music device and the Apple iSight camera.
- Robert A. Fuhrman , (BSE AA 1945): was a prominent leader at Lockheed; retired as vice chair and chief operating officer; a member of the National Academy of Engineering; sat on the President's National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee and the Defense Science Board .
- John Henry Holland, First UM Computer Science PhD, and originator of genetic algorithms.
- Charles S. Hutchins (BSE MEAM 1957) Co-founder of Manufacturing Data Systems Inc . Widely recognized as the father of computer-aided manufacturing.
- Clarence "Kelly" Johnson,1932 BSE, 1933 MSE, 1964 PhD (Hon), founder of the Lockheed Martin Skunk Works.
- Bill Joy, co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
- Thomas and John Knoll, Co-creators of Adobe Photoshop.
- Thomas A. Mehlhorn , (BSE NE 1974, MSE 1976, PhD 1978) Manager of high energy density physics and inertial confinement fusion target design at Sandia National Laboratories.
- James R. Mellor , (BSE EE 1952, MSE 1954) Joined General Dynamics in 1981; served in various key capacities until retiring in 1997 as chairman and CEO.
- Larry Page, co-founder of Google Inc.
- Eugene B. Power , BA 1927, MBA 1930, founder of University Microfilms Inc. (now ProQuest).
- Claude E. Shannon, BS EE 1936, BA Math 1936, considered by some to be "father of digital circuit design theory" and "father of information theory".
- Charles Kendall Adams 'XX, 2nd President of Cornell University (1885-1892)
- Charles M. Vest ,( MSE 1964, PhD 1967) President of MIT 1990-2004(retired)
- Jeffrey S. Lehman, (JD '77) 11th President of Cornell University (2003 - )
- B. Joseph White,'XX President of the University of Illinois
- Jerome B. Wiesner ,( BS 1937, MS 1938, PhD 1950 ) President of MIT (retired)
- Richard Berke , New York Times political reporter
- Ann Coulter, J.D. 1988, conservative author and attorney
- James Russell Gaines , 1973, is managing editor of Time
- Arnold Gingrich , 1925, was a founder/publisher of Esquire.
- Sanjay Gupta, CNN anchor, reporter and senior medical correspondent.
- Janet Malcolm, 1955, was a writer for The New Yorker and wrote “In the Freud Archives.”
- Daniel Okrent, public editor, New York Times
- Marvin Olasky, conservative pundit
- P. Anthony Ridder , 1962, is the president of Knight-Ridder Inc.
- Rob Siegel , 1993, was the editor-in-chief of The Onion. Siegel led the editorial staff of 10 to come up with funny headlines and tongue-in-cheek stories mocking American life, society and media.
- Carole Simpson , ABC News correspondent.
- Mike Wallace, TV journalist, longtime host of 60 Minutes
- Margaret Bourke White , 1922-1924, was a photographer and journalist
- Roger Wilkens , 1953, LLB 1956, HLHD 1993, was a journalist of the Washington Post. He shared the Pulitzer Prize for his Watergate editorials.
- Robin Wright, Washington Post
Law, government, and public policy
- Nancy Kassebaum Baker, former U.S. senator from Kansas.
- Mary Frances Berry, J.D./Ph.D., United States Civil Rights Commission
- Howard L. Bost , 1955 Ph.D., historic architect of Medicare and job-related benefits for workers. Michigan awarded him the nation's first doctorate in medical economics.
- Clarence Darrow, 1878, Leopold and Loeb lawyer, defense attorney for John T. Scopes
- Thomas Dewey, politician and presidential candidate.
- Howard Flight, MBA and British MP. Holds 11 directorships. In September 2001, he was appointed Shadow Paymaster General and in July 2002 was promoted to Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury.
- Gerald R. Ford, B. A. 1935, the 38th U.S. president, studied economics and political science. He played center on two national-championship American football teams and was the team's most valuable player in 1934.
- Harold Ford Jr., JD 1996, is a congressman representing Tennessee's 9th District.
- Richard A. "Dick" Gephardt, Former United States House Minority Leader, graduate of UM Law School.
- Thomas J. Miller U.S. ambassador to Greece. He was also U.S. ambassador to Bosnia-Herzegovina.
- Frank Murphy, 1914, U.S. Attorney General under Franklin Roosevelt and Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
- Rob Portman, JD 1984 US Trade Representative (USTR).
- Martha Seger , BBA 1954, MBA 1955, PhD 1971 former governor of the Federal Reserve Bank
- George Dantzig M.A. Math 1937, father of linear programming. At UM, studied under T.H. Hildebrandt , R.L. Wilder , and G.Y. Rainer .
- Isadore M. Singer, B.A. 1944, winner of the Abel Prize, the "Nobel of mathematics" , and the Bôcher Memorial Prize
- Stephen Smale,B.S. 1952 , M.S. 1953, Ph.D. 1957, Fields Medal Winner
- Karen Uhlenbeck , B.S. 1964, professor at the University of Texas at Austin, where she holds the Sid W. Richardson Foundation Regents' Chair in Mathematics. She is one of the world's foremost researchers on non-linear differential equations and their geometric properties and has made a commitment to young women mathematicians, and has received a MacArthur Fellowship and a National Medal of Science, was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was the first woman mathematician elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
- Benjamin S. Carson , MD 1977, is the director of the division of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins University.
- David Michael Green , MPH 1982, established Aurolab to manufacture intraocular lenses (IOLs) – plastic implants used to restore sight to patients suffering from cataracts and other eye diseases.
- Jerome P. Horwitz , PhD 1950, synthesized AZT in 1964, a drug now used to treat AIDS.
- Jerome Karle, (Ph.D. 1944) Chief Scientist, Laboratory for the Structure of Matter , Naval Research Laboratory. Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1985
- Isabella Lugoski Karle , 1941, MS 1942, PhD 1944, HSCD 1976, is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. She was a member of the Manhattan Project.
- Emil John Konopinski , 1933, MA 1934, PhD 1936, patented a device that made the first hydrogen bomb with Dr. Edward Teller. He was a member of the Manhattan Project.
- Paul de Kruif , 1910-1912, PhD 1916, is the author of “Microbe Hunters.”
- William Mayo, MD 1883, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic.
- Marshall Nirenberg, Ph.D. 1957, Chief of Biomedical Genetics, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH, Nobel Prize in Medicine, 1968
- Antonia Novello, 1974, first female US surgeon general
- John Clark Sheehan , MS 1938, PhD 1941, chemist who pioneered the first synthetic penicillin breakthrough in 1957.
- Richard Smalley, BS 1965, chemist, awarded Nobel Prize in 1996 for the co-discovery of fullerenes.
- Samuel C. C. Ting, BS 1959, PhD 1962, physicist, awarded Nobel Prize in 1976 for discovering the J/psi particle.
- Juris Upatnieks , (MSE EE '65), with Emmett Leith created the first working hologram in 1962
- Jim Abbott, one-handed major-league baseball pitcher
- David Baas , 2004 Rimington Trophy , winner
- Tom Brady, football player and 2-time Super Bowl MVP
- Dan Dierdorf, 1968-1970, sportscaster and former National Football League tackle.
- Thomas Dolan , 1996 (Atlanta) and 2000 (Sydney) Summer Olympics gold medalist and former world record holder in swimming.
- Braylon Edwards 2004 winner Biletnikoff Award
- Rich Eisen , NFL Network broadcaster
- Danny Fife , former Major League Baseball player
- Tom Harmon, football player and 1940 Heisman Trophy winner
- Desmond Howard, football player and 1991 Heisman Trophy winner. Super Bowl XXXI MVP.
- Derek Jeter, New York Yankees shortstop (did not graduate)
- Barry Larkin, former Cincinatti Reds baseball player, 1995 National League MVP
- Bill Martin , MBA '65, President of The United States Olympic Committee USOC
- Al Montoya , hockey goalie sensation (currently a student)
- Brendan Morrison, ‘97 hockey center and 17th Hobey Baker Memorial Award winner.
- Robert Rechsteiner (a.k.a. Rick Steiner), amateur and professional wrestler
- Branch Rickey, former president and general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers who integrated Major League Baseball by signing Jackie Robinson.
- George Sisler, Major League Baseball player.
- Scott Rechsteiner (a.k.a. Scott Steiner), amateur and professional wrestler
- Rudy Tomjanovich, basketball player and coach
- Welday Walker , former Major League Baseball player in 1884.
- Steve Warner, Winner of 1997 Caviston Oar, Back-to-Back Winner of Maize and Blue Award (1999-00), 2004 Olympian in Lightweight Four
- Chris Webber, basketball player
- Fred Wilpon (A.B., 1958), president, CEO and co-owner of the New York Mets baseball team.
- Ralph C. Wilson Jr , owner of Buffalo Bills football team
- Charles Woodson, football player and 1997 Heisman Trophy winner
- Robert C. Atkins, 1951, promoter of the Atkins Diet, a nutrition fad.
- Tom Hayden, author of Port Huron Statement, member of Chicago Seven, co-founder of Students for a Democratic Society; later a member of each house of California's Legislature.
- Ted Kaczynski (the Unabomber), Ph.D. (mathematics), 1967.
- Jack Kevorkian, MD (Pathology) 1952
- Michael Newdow, JD 1988, made headlines by challenging the constitutionality of the Pledge of Allegiance
- Robert Shiller B.A. ‘67 Economist: Author of “Irrational Exuberance”
- Diane Swonk M.A. ‘85 Economist: Author “The Passionate Economist”
- Raoul Wallenberg, Arch. 1935, rescuer of Jews in World War II.
- William Bolcom, composer
- Mark Burns , Carlos Mastrangelo , and David Burke invented a DNA analysis "lab on a microchip."
- Juan Cole, notable for his weblog "Informed Comment", covering events in the Middle East
- Francis Collins led the Human Genome Project.
- John Dewey, co-founder of pragmatism
- Edward Gramlich , Professor of Economics and Member, Federal Reserve Board
- Thomas Hales solved a nearly 4-century-old problem called the Kepler conjecture. Hales is now at the University of Pittsburgh.
- Kenneth Lieberthal , China expert and member of the National Security Council during the Clinton Administration.
- Emmett Leith and Juris Upatnieks created the first working hologram in 1962
- Catherine MacKinnon, legal theorist.
- Paul McCracken , Economist. Chairmen Emeritus: President's Council of Economic Advisers
- William Ian Miller , legal and social theorist; author of The Anatomy of Disgust.
- Professor Gérard A. Mourou , Director of the National Science Foundation Center for Ultrafast Optical Science. With students D. Strickland, S. Williamson, P. Maine, and M. Pessot, demonstrated the technique known as Chirped Pulse Amplification or ("CPA").
- Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen , Architect
- Jonas Salk, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology (deceased) ()
- Elliot Soloway , software teaching tools, founder of GoKnow
- Stephen Timoshenko created the first US bachelor's and doctoral programs in engineering mechanics. His 18 textbooks have been published in 36 languages.
- Amos Tversky Deceased. Behavioral economist and frequent co-author with Daniel Kahneman 2002 Nobel Prize ()
- Douglas E. Van Houweling , President and CEO of Internet2
- Martinus Veltman Professor Emeritus, John D. MacArthur Professor of Physics. 1999 Nobel Prize for Physics.
MacArthur Foundation award winners
- Susan Alcock Classical archaeologist,
- Robert Axelrod, game theoretician. Author of "The Evolution of Cooperation".
- Ruth Behar , Anthropologist,
- Alice Fulton,
- Kun-Liang Guan , Biochemist and associate professor of biological chemistry and senior research associate at the Institute of Gerontology.
- John H. Holland ,
- Stephan Lee ,
- Michael A. Marletta , Biochemist and John Gideon Searle Professor of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy in the College of Pharmacy and professor of biological chemistry in the Medical School
- Vonnie C. McLoyd , professor of psychology and research scientist at the Center for Human Growth and Development
- Thylias Moss , PhD 1975, professor of English.
- Erik Mueggler , Anthropologist
- Sherry B. Ortner ,
- Rebecca J. Scott ,
- Bright Sheng , composer and professor of music
- Henry T. Wright , Anthropologist
- Lee Bollinger, former UM President, now President of Columbia University
- Nancy Cantor Chancellor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 2001 after serving as provost of U-M
- Paul Danos , UM Senior Associate Dean, now Dean at Dartmouth College's Tuck School of Business
- Steven Director UM Engineering Dean, now Drexel Provost
- Walter Harrison , Vice President for university relations and secretary, who left for the University of Hartford in 1998
- Maureen Hartford , Vice President for student affairs, who went to Meredith College in 1999.
- J. Bernard Machen , Provost, who went to the University of Utah in 1998; now at the University of Florida
- Frank H. T. Rhodes , former UM VP for Academic Affairs was elected the ninth president of Cornell University
- Harold Shapiro, former UM President, now President-emeritus of Princeton University
- Edward A. Snyder , UM Senior Associate Dean, now Dean at University of Chicago Business School
- Andrew Dickson White, former UM professor of literature became co-founder of Cornell University
- Linda Wilson , Vice President for research at U-M and became president of Radcliffe College in 1989
- Holtzer (editor), Susan. (1990). Special to the Daily: The 1st 100 Years of Editorial Freedom at the Michigan Daily. Caddo Gap Press. ISBN 0962594520.
- Peckham,Howard H. (1994). The Making of The University of Michigan 1817-1992. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0472065947.
- Unversity of Michigan Home Page
- UM Alumni Association
- University of Michigan Athletics Site
- The Michigan Daily, independent student newspaper
- The Michigan Review, another independent student newspaper
- The Michigan Independent, a progressive student run newspaper
- WOLV-TV, the University of Michigan's student-run television station
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