Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Robert Trent Jones
Robert Trent Jones, Sr. (June 20, 1906 – June 14, 2000) was a golf course architect who designed (or re-designed) about 500 golf courses in at least 40 US states and 35 other countries all around the world. It has been jokingly said that, "The sun never sets on a Robert Trent Jones golf course."
Born in Ince , England, Jones accompanied his parents to the United States at the age of five. The family settled in East Rochester, New York where young Robert took a job at a local golf club. He became an avid golfer as a youth but health problems prevented him from joining tournament competition.
He attended Cornell University where he designed his own course of study to become a professional golf course designer taking courses in landscape architecture, agronomy, horticulture, hydraulics, surveying, public speaking, and economics.
Upon gradustion, he formed a partnership with Canadian architect Stanley Thompson and helped design several courses in Canada including Capilano in Vancouver and Banff in the Canadian Rockies. In the late 1930s he struck out on his own and began designing and building local golf courses in America, many using labor provided by the W.P.A.
Shortly after World War II, he got his first big assignment designing the Peachtree Golf Club in Atlanta in collaboration with golf legend Bobby Jones. Despite the similarity of their names, the two men were not related. In fact Robert began using the middle name "Trent" shortly afterward to avoid confusion.
Jones courses are noted for their artistic landscaping, innovative use of bunkers, liberal use of water hazards, and deft placement of greens and hazards that encourage a high level of strategy. he believed that golf should be a no risk; no reward sport and his designs encouraged daring play.
Jones continued working well past usual retirement age, often working on several courses at the same time. Following a period of failing health, Jones retired to his home in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. He died there peacefully just a few days short of his 94th birthday. His sons Rees Jones and Robert Trent "Bobby" Jones, Jr., have followed in his footsteps and are now course designers.
Some Original Designs:
- Midvale, Penfield, New York, 1931
- Peachtree, Atlanta, Georgia, 1948
- Dunes G&BC, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, 1949
- Dorado Beach, Dorado, Puerto Rico, 1958
- Point O'Woods, Benton Harbor, Michigan, 1958
- Bellerive CC, Creve Coeur, Michigan , 1959
- Hazeltine National, Chaska, Minnesota, 1962
- Golden Horseshoe, Williamsburg, Virginia, 1964
- Sotogrande-Old, Cadiz, Spain, 1964
- Mauna Kea Beach, Kamuela, Hawaii, 1965
- Spyglass Hill, Pebble Beach, California, 1966
- Eugene, Eugene, Oregon, 1967
- Boyne Highlands-Heather, Boyne, Michigan , 1968
- Firestone-North, Akron, Ohio, 1969
- Crumpin-Fox, Bernardston, Massachusetts, 1978, 1990
- Troia, Setubal, Portugal , 1979
- Kananaskis Country, Alberta, Canada, 1983
- Metedeconk National, Jackson, New Jersey, 1987
- Robert Trent Jones, Lake Manassas, Virginia , 1991
- Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail, Alabama, 1992-1994
- Fox Hollow Golf Course, New Port Richey, Florida, 1994
Some Significant Re-designs:
- Augusta National, Augusta, Georgia, 1947, 1950
- Oakland Hills-South, Bloomfield, Michigan , 1950, 1972, 1984
- Baltusrol-Lower, Springfield, New Jersey, 1952
- Olympic-Lake, San Francisco, California, 1954
- Oak Hill-East, Rochester, New York, 1955, 1967
- Southern Hills, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1957
- Firestone-South, Akron, Ohio, 1959
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