Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants and children. The word pediatrics is derived from two Greek words paidos which means little boy and iatros which means doctor. Most pediatricians are members of a national body, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Canadian Paediatric Society , the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons , or the Indian Academy of Pediatrics.
One of the major challenges facing pediatricians is that the range of body sizes (and weights) that they face in pediatrics is much greater than in adult medicine. For example, a preterm neonate can be less than 2kg in weight while an obese adolescent may be larger than the typical adult.
Childhood is the period of greatest growth, development and maturation of the various organ systems in the body. Years of training and experience (above and beyond basic medical training) goes into recognizing the difference between normal variants and what is actually pathological.
Another major difference between pediatrics and adult medicine is that children are minors and, in most jurisdictions, cannot make decisions for themselves. The issue of guardianship, legal responsibility and informed consent must always be considered in every pediatric procedure. In a sense, pediatricians often have to treat the parents (and sometimes, the family), not just the child.
In a bizarre event, during the News of the World anti-pedophile campaign of 2000, the home of a pediatrician was attacked by protesters who'd confused the terms pediatrician and pedophile.
Abraham Jacobi is considered the father of pediatrics.
- GeneralPediatrics.com - The General Pediatrician's View of the Internet
- PediatricEducation.org - A Pediatric Digital Library and Learning Collaboratory intended to serve as a source of continuing pediatric education
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