Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Paterson, New Jersey
Paterson is a city located in Passaic County, New Jersey. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 149,222. It is the county seat of Passaic County. The City of Paterson is governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government.
The Great Falls of the Passaic River in Paterson are the second-highest large-volume falls on the East Coast: only Niagara Falls are higher. Alexander Hamilton helped encourage the harnessing of the energy of the Great Falls to secure the independence from British manufacturers. In 1791, Hamilton helped found the Society for the Establishment of Useful Manufactures. Paterson, which was founded by the society, became the cradle of the industrial revolution in America. Paterson was named for William Paterson, New Jersey governor, statesman, and signer of the Constitution.
The industries developed in Paterson were powered by the 77-foot high Great Falls of the Passaic, and a system of water raceways that harnessed the power of the falls. The district originally included dozens of mill buildings and other manufacturing structures associated with the textile industry and later, the firearms, silk, and railroad locomotive manufacturing industries. In the latter half of the 1800's, silk production became the dominant industry and formed the basis of Paterson's most prosperous period, earning it the nickname "Silk City." Paterson was also the site of historic labor unrest that focused on anti-child labor legislation.
- Garret A. Hobart, twenty-fourth Vice President of the United States
- Lou Costello, of the comedy duo Abbott and Costello
- Larry Doby, the second African American to play in modern Major League Baseball, and the first to do so in the American League
- Allen Ginsberg, writer and Beat Generation poet
- Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, boxer, subject of the Bob Dylan song "Hurricane" and the movie The Hurricane
- Tim Thomas , pro basketball player, currently on the New York Knicks
- Frederick Reines, awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics for detection of the neutrino
- Gaetano Bresci, weaver and anarchist, assassinated Italian king Umberto I
- Bernie Wayne , Songwriter, wrote "There She Is, Miss America
- Michael J Straczynski , science-fiction writer, primary writter for The Twilight Zone
- Lawrence Barrett, actor, one of the leading American actors of the 19th Century
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 149,222 people, 44,710 households, and 33,353 families residing in the city. With a population density of 6,826.4/km² (17,675.4/mi²), Paterson is the second most densely populated big city in the United States, only after New York City. There are 47,169 housing units at an average density of 2,157.8/km² (5,587.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 30.77% White, 32.90% African American, 0.60% Native American, 1.90% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 27.60% from other races, and 6.17% from two or more races. 50.11% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 44,710 households out of which 40.9% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% are married couples living together, 26.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% are non-families. 20.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.25 and the average family size is 3.71.
In the city the population is spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $32,778, and the median income for a family is $35,420. Males have a median income of $27,911 versus $22,733 for females. The per capita income for the city is $13,257. 22.2% of the population and 19.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 29.0% of those under the age of 18 and 19.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Western Market Street is the home of many Mexican and Peruvian businesses. Main Avenue between the Clifton border and about Montclair Avenue is heavily Turkish and Arabic.
- http://www.patcity.com/ — City of Paterson, New Jersey (official site)
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