Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Monarchism is the advocacy of the establishment, preservation, or restoration of a monarchy.
Since the mid-19th century, monarchist movements have rarely defended monarchy on the basis of abstract, universal principles applicable to all nations, or even on the grounds that a monarchy would be the best or most practical government for the nation in question. Rather, monarchies have generally been defended on local symbolic grounds that they are a particular nation's link to the past. However, two things should be noted: as monarchists usually come from a pragmatic or empirical tradition (like many conservatives), they often do not have abstract, universal principles in any event (so while such may indeed exist, they are not where most monarchists are likely to be coming from); and, for the same practical reasons, monarchists tend to bring out the argument in terms readily understood by their adversaries or by undecided elements as it would not be practical to "preach to the choir," calling on principles which while possibly true are not accepted as true by their hearers.
Hence, post-19th century debates on whether to preserve a monarchy or to adopt a republican form of government have generally been debates over national identity, with the monarch generally serving as a symbol for other issues.
For example, in Australia and Ireland, debates over monarchy represent or represented debates whose driving force concerned each nation's relationship with the United Kingdom and the cultural heritage that that represents, as well as other substantive matters.
Absolute Monarchism is the preservation of an absolute monarchy where one leader has "absolute" power over his people. No other person has direct authority over government. An example of absolute monarchy is King Louis XIV of France who ruled between 1643 and 1715.
In some countries such as France, monarchism and some religion (Catholicism in the case of France) were long entangled ("the alliance of the Throne and the Altar"), and thus republican ideas were often tinged with anti-clericalism.
Monarchist groups - past and present
- Action Francaise (France)
- Monarchist League (Australia, New Zealand, and most other Commonwealth Realms)
- Monarchist League of Canada (Canada)
- National Peasants' Party (Romania)
- Constitutional Monarchy Movement (Iraq)
- Orange Order (Ireland, Australia and Canada)
- Koruna Česká (Czech Republic)
- Tradition und Leben(Germany)
- Iranian Constituionalists (Iran)
- The Monarchist League
- Theodore's Royalty and Monarchy Site
- Monarchist Alleance (italian)
- Tradition und Leben (german)
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