Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Mario Lemieux (born October 5, 1965 in Montreal, Quebec) is a professional hockey player. Nicknamed "Le Magnifique", "The Magnificent One" and "Super Mario", his surname literally means "the best". He was born on the same day as fellow hockey-player Patrick Roy. Lemieux is 6ft 4in (1.93m) and weighs 230lb (104kg). He plays as a centre.
Mario Lemieux was born October 5, 1965 in Montreal. From a very early age he displayed remarkable skill in hockey. Before he became old enough to skate with the older kids in his neighborhood, he learned how to skate in his living room; during the winter, his mother would pack their living room with snow to keep the carpet fresh. At an early age, Lemieux was considered a hockey prodigy and then Montreal coach Scotty Bowman actually suggested that they buy the team he was on in order to guarantee first shot at signing the young star.
Lemieux was selected first overall by the Pittsburgh Penguins in the 1984 NHL Entry Draft after a much-heralded career in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. As a testament to his potential greatness, he was given the number "66", an upside down version of Wayne Gretzky's famous "99". Gretzky had been breaking records for the previous 5 seasons playing for the Edmonton Oilers. The Penguins had become the laughing stock of the NHL, finishing last overall in the previous two seasons; amid rumors of the team's impending move, the future of the franchise was thrust solely upon the 18-year-old's shoulders.
In his first NHL game, Lemieux scored on his first shift and first shot after he stole the puck from future Hall of Fame Boston Bruins defenceman Ray Bourque. He scored 100 points in his first season, going on to win the Calder Memorial Trophy as 'rookie of the year' and only the third NHL rookie to reach the century mark at the time. That same season during the NHL's mid-season All-Star Game, Lemieux became the first and only rookie to win the All-Star Game's MVP.
During his sophomore season of 1985-1986, Lemieux recorded 141 points (48 goals, 93 assists) to finish second in league scoring behind Gretzky's still standing NHL record of 215 points. That same season Lemieux won the Lester B. Pearson award as the game's best player, voted by the National Hockey League's player themselves, ending Gretzky's record run of four consecutive years of winning the award.
Lemieux missed 17 games due to injury over the course of his next season but still managed to finish third in the NHL scoring race behind only Edmonton linemates Gretzky (183 points) and Jari Kurri (108 points).
In late summer of 1987 Lemieux teamed with Gretzky to help Canada win the Canada Cup in an international tournament before the NHL's regular season. Playing mostly on Gretzky's line Lemieux led all players in goal scoring and scored the game winner with little over a minute to play against the Soviet Union in the deciding game of the tournament. Many, including Lemieux, credit this very series as the turning point in his career and enabling him to finally reach his potential as an offensive force.
The following season, 1987-88, saw Lemieux score at a pace only reached by Wayne Gretzky and win his first Art Ross Trophy as the league's leading scorer. He ended Gretzky's record streak of seven straight scoring titles finishing with 168 points becoming at the time only the 4th player to score 70 goals in a season joining Phil Esposito, Gretzky and Jari Kurri. He also became the only other player besides Gretzky to average over two points a game for the season finishing with 168 points in 77 games. After the season Lemieux won his first Hart Memorial Trophy as the league's MVP ending another of Gretzky's record streak of 8 in a row. Earlier in the season, Mario won his second All-Star Game MVP by scoring a still standing record of 6 points (3 goals, 3 assists) including the game-winner in overtime. However, despite of all of Lemieux's personal achievements, Pittsburgh still failed to make the playoffs for the sixth straight year.
The 1988-89 season saw Lemieux set personal highs in goals, assists and points. He easily won the scoring title over Gretzky, despite missing 4 games to injury, with 199 points to Gretzky's 168. He became only the second player in history to score 80 goals, his 85 ranked third most all-time behind only Gretzky's 92 and 87 and has only been surpassed by Brett Hull's 86 during the 1990-91 campaign. He became just the third player to ever dish out 100 assists in a season with his league leading 114 (tied with Gretzky) and just missed joining only Gretzky as the only players to have recorded 200 points in a season. He also eclipsed Gretzky's record for shorthanded goals during the season by scoring 13.
On December 31, 1988 in a game against New Jersey, Lemieux became the only player in history to score a goal five different ways by scoring an even strength, power-play, shorthanded and an empty net goal and also managed to add a penalty shot goal as well.
More importantly, Pittsburgh made the playoffs for the first time in 7 seasons and although they eventually lost in the second round, Lemieux made his mark as a playoff performer. He finished with 12 goals and 17 points in 11 games. On April 25, 1989, Lemieux set or tied several playoff records with his 5 goal, 8 point performance that night.
The 1989-90 season started with much promise for both Lemieux and the Penguins but would ultimately end in disappointment. On Halloween of that year, Lemieux began a streak of recording at least one point a game that would eventually end at 46 just five short of Gretzky's record. He was forced to leave a game against the New York Rangers with back pain and would not return until the final game of the season. Also, during that seasons All-Star game held in Pittsburgh before a national TV audience, Lemieux scored three goals in the first period and four goals overall to win his third All-Star Game MVP. With Pittsburgh's playoff hopes still in doubt Lemieux returned for the last game of the regular season in hopes of securing a playoff spot. Needing only a tie or win to advance to the Stanley Cup playoffs, Pittsburgh eventually lost in overtime to Buffalo.
Lemieux's back pain did not subside over the summer and was later diagnosed with broken vertabrae in his spine. While recovering from back surgery Lemieux was found to have contracted a rare infection from the surgery in his back and became bedridden for months leading to speculation that, at only 25, his career might be over.
With the Penguins in contention for first place for much of the season and finally able to provide a supporting cast to compliment his talents, Lemieux returned in January of 1991 and helped Pittsburgh win its first ever division title and move on to the playoffs for only the second time in his remarkable career.
Pittsburgh and Lemieux won the Stanley Cup for the first time that year and Lemieux won the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoff MVP after leading the playoffs with 44 points and 28 assists, both the second most in Stanley Cup playoff history.
The following season saw Lemieux win the Art Ross Trophy for the third time, pacing the league with 131 points. His team made the playoffs for the second straight year but Lemieux missed the first game of the first round against the Washington Capitals because of back pain. Lemieux returned but Pittsburgh found itself down three games to one in the series. The Pens would rebound to win the series in 7 games with Lemieux scoring 17 points in only 6 games but his hand was broken by a vicious slash in the second game of the next round versus the New York Rangers forcing him to miss the remainder of the series and possibly the playoffs if Pittsburgh were somehow able to advance to the next round at all.
Pittsburgh did win and advance to the Wales Conference Finals and Lemieux returned in Game 2 of that series as the Pens would not lose a game the rest of way and capture their second straight Stanley Cup. Again, despite missing 6 games to injury, Lemieux led all scorers during the playoffs with 16 goals and 34 points in only 15 games and was named playoff MVP for the second straight year joining only Philadelphia goaltender Bernie Parent ('74, '75) as the only two players to win the Conn Smythe Trophy in consecutive seasons.
With hopes high of a third straight Stanley Cup championship, Lemieux and company got off to a strong start during the 1992-93 season and Lemieux was was on pace to challenge both Gretzky's record of 92 goals in a season (1981-82) and his 215 points (1985-86). However, in January was diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease and was forced to undergo energy draining radiation treatments thus leaving his career once again and possibly even his life in doubt.
Lemieux did return after only missing two months but found that not only was Pittsburgh struggling without their superstar but he also found himself now 12 points behind Buffalo's Pat LaFontaine in the annual scoring derby after holding a healthy lead before his diagnosis.
The day of his last radiation treatment Mario flew to play against Philadelphia and scored a goal and a assist that same night. Lemieux and Pittsburgh then went on an unprecedented tear for the rest of the season. Pittsburgh won a NHL record 17 games in a row to finish first overall and Lemieux rebounded to win his second straight scoring title and fourth overall. Lemieux finished with 160 points (69 goals, 91 assists) in only 60 games played, the lowest games played total for any NHL scoring champion, to win the scoring title by 12 points over LaFontaine who finished with 148 points in 84 games. During his late season tear Lemieux added back-to-back four-goal games, a five-goal game against the rival New York Rangers and at one point scored 27 goals, 24 assists for 51 points in only 16 games! However, after dispatching New Jersey in 5 games during the first round, Pittsburgh lost against the New York Islanders in 7 games after David Volek scored in overtime of Game 7.
Injury problems continue
Lemieux missed most the 1993-94 season and skipped the NHL's lockout shortened season of 1994-95 recovering from chronic back pain, back surgery and the effects of radiation treatment casting in doubt his intention to play again.
Lemieux announced his return to the NHL late in the summer of 1995 and won his fifth Art Ross Trophy leading the league in goals (69), points (161), power-play goals (31) and shorthanded goals (8) despite in only playing in 70 games. He easily won his third Hart Memorial Trophy as the league's MVP and his Pens made it to the Eastern Conference Final before falling to Florida in 7 games.
Lemieux again won the scoring title during the 1996-97 season amid speculation that this would be his final season. In his last game in his hometown of Montreal, Lemieux tied a NHL record of scoring 4 goals in a period. His team made the playoffs again but lost to Philadelphia in 5 games. Lemieux scored on his final shift in his last home game of the playoffs and two nights later added another as Lemieux was given a standing ovation by the Philadelphia fans as he bid farewell to the NHL due to his various injuries suffered over his career. That same summer Lemieux was waived the mandatory 3 year waiting period and was immediately inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame becoming the 9th player in history to have his waiting period waived.
On September 3, 1999, a U.S. Bankruptcy Court approved Lemieux's reorganization plan to save the Penguins from bankruptcy as he bought the team to help recover unfulfilled contractual payments by former Penguins owners and to keep the team in Pittsburgh, making the then-retired star, who deferred millions in salary he was owed, the first former player to become majority owner of his former team. He is also chairman of the board, CEO, and president.
Late in 2000, rumors were abound that Lemieux was attempting a comeback and on December 27 of that year he returned to the NHL. In his first game, he got an assist 33 seconds into his first shift. Despite playing in little more than half the Penguins' games in 2000-01, he was one of the three finalists for the Hart Memorial Trophy and scored more points (76) than over 90% percent of rest of the league's players to finish 26th in scoring.
Lemieux was limited due to injuries during the past three seasons playing in only 24 games in 2001-02 and 10 games during the 2003-04 season. In 2002-03, Lemieux led the NHL in scoring for most of the season but missed most of the games towards the end of the schedule and finished eighth in scoring with 92 points in only 67 games. Unfortunately, Pittsburgh has plummetted to the bottom of the NHL and has missed the playoffs during the past 3 years.
A member of the Canadian men's Olympic gold-medal hockey team in 2002, Lemieux was second in scoring on the team with six points in six games.
Lemieux's unique status as player and owner has placed him in a potential conflict of interest with respect to ongoing NHL labour negotiations. Because he is also an owner, Lemieux is no longer a member of the National Hockey League Players Association, although he still pays union dues to maintain his pension. By agreement with the NHLPA, Lemieux is paid the average league salary of about $1.4 million and it is from this amount that his union dues are calculated and deducted. By agreement with the league's other owners, he does not vote in owners' meetings, delegating this role to a Penguins vice president. Lemieux appears to have sided with the league on key CBA issues and has suggested that the NHL adopt a salary structure similar to the National Football League, which has a salary cap the union currently says is unacceptable (as of August 2004).
Mario Lemieux, considered by many to be the most talented hockey player ever, often finds his name mentioned in the top 5 hockey players of all-time and his numbers and resume do not dispute that sentiment. He never played a full season in the NHL without missing a game so one can only speculate how much more impressive his offensive numbers would be if he wouldn't have missed over 400 games to injury and illness.
- 1985 - Calder Memorial Trophy, NHL All-Rookie Team
- 1986 - Lester B. Pearson Award, NHL Second Team All-Star
- 1987 - NHL Second Team All-Star
- 1988 - Art Ross Trophy, Lester B. Pearson Award, Hart Memorial Trophy, NHL First Team All-Star
- 1989 - Art Ross Trophy, NHL First Team All-Star
- 1991 - Conn Smythe Trophy
- 1992 - Art Ross Trophy, Conn Smythe Trophy, NHL Second Team All-Star
- 1993 - Art Ross Trophy, Hart Memorial Trophy, Lester B. Pearson Award, NHL Plus/Minus Award, Bill Masterson Trophy , NHL First Team All-Star
- 1996 - Art Ross Trophy, Hart Memorial Trophy, NHL First Team All-Star, Lester B. Pearson Award
- 1997 - Art Ross Trophy, NHL First Team All-Star
- 1997 - Inducted into Hockey Hall of Fame
- 2000 - Lester Patrick Trophy
- 2001 - NHL Second Team All-Star
- 2002 - Captain of Canadian Gold Medal Team
- 2004 - Captain of Canadian World Cup Championship Team
- NHL All-Star Team - 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1996, 1997, 2001, 2002.
- His number 66 retired by the Pittsburgh Penguins (Although he can still use it)
- Ranked 10th in all-time NHL assists (1018)
- Ranked 8th in all-time NHL goals (683)
- Ranked 7th in all-time NHL points (1701)
- 1985 - Played for Canada in the World Championships
- 1987 - Played for Canada in the Canada Cup
- 2002 - Captain of the Gold medal Canadaian Team at the 2002 Winter Olympics
- 2004 - Captain of the Champions, Canada in the World Cup of Hockey
|Pittsburgh Penguins Captains|
Mike Bullard and Terry Ruskowski
|First time (1987-1994) (with Dan Frawley until 1988)||Followed by:|
|Second time (1995-1997)||Followed by:|
|Third time (2001- to present)||Followed by:|
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