Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
La Union is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. Its capital is San Fernando City and borders Ilocos Sur to the north, Benguet to the east, and Pangasinan to the south. To the west of La Union is the South China Sea.
People and Culture
93 percent of the population is Ilocano and is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic. There are small communities of Pangasinense in the south, Igorots in the Cordillera foothills, and Chinese in the city.
La Union is highly literate, with San Fernando City as the administrative, educational, and financial center of the region.
The economy is diversified with service, manufacturing, and agricultural industries spread out throught the province. The Port of San Fernando operates as an increasingly active shipping point, and the former American airbase Wallace Air Station being converted into a business or industrial area.
Tourists often flock to the beaches of Bauang, or to the more secluded ones further north for snorkeling, surfing, or other water sports.
Like most of the region, the province is squeezed in by the Cordillera mountain range to the east and the South China Sea to the west.
La Union, "the union" in Spanish, was formed when the colonial government merged the southern towns of Ilocos Sur province and the northern towns of Pangasinan in 1854.
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