Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Kido Takayoshi (木戸孝允), also referred as Kido Koin (1833-77) was a Japanese politician during the Late Tokugawa shogunate and the Meiji Restoration. During the shogunate he was known as Katsura Kogorō (桂小五郎).
He was born in Chōshū (present-day Yamaguchi prefecture) as the second son of Wada Masakage (和田昌景), a clan doctor. Together with Saigo Takamori and Okubo Toshimichi, he is counted among what was known as the Ishin-no-Sanketsu (維新の三傑), which means, roughly, "three nobles of the restoration". His younger sister's grandson was Tokyo politician Koichi Kido (木戸幸一).
He was a representative of the Sonnō jōi movement in Chōshū. He represented Chōshū in the Satsuma-Chōshū alliance, or Satchōdōmei (薩長同盟).
He was a member of the Iwakura mission that toured America and Europe to study Western forms of government.
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