Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Jim Kelly (born February 14, 1960 in East Brady, Pennsylvania) was an American football quarterback for the Buffalo Bills. Kelly is generally considered one of the most elite quarterbacks in the history of the National Football League.
Nicknamed "Machine Gun Kelly", Kelly was perhaps best known for running the Bills' "No Huddle Offense", which was a fast-paced offense that denied opposing defenses the opportunity to make timely substitutions. This led to mismatches and defensive communication breakdowns and, in the 1990s, established the Bills as one of the NFL's most successful and dangerous offenses.
Drafted by the Bills out of the University of Miami, where Kelly's teams were among the best NCAA programs nationally, he opted instead to join the fledgling United States Football League (USFL), where he played for the Houston Gamblers. Kelly was among the USFL's best passers, but the league folded due to financial troubles and its players were subsequently dispersed among existing NFL teams. Having retained Kelly's draft rights, the Bills welcomed Kelly with open arms upon the USFL's collapse.
Kelly helped lead the Bills to emergence as one of the NFL's greatest teams of the 1990s. Kelly's primary wide receiver with the Bills, Andre Reed, also set numerous NFL records and is expected to enter the Hall of Fame following his his eligibility for induction in 2006.
Kelly has devoted much of his post-football life to his son, Hunter, who was diagnosed with Krabbe Leukodystrophy (Krabbes disease). Kelly established an organization to raise funds to fight the disease . His advocacy on behalf on Krabbes' patients has vastly increased national awareness of the disease.
Kelly continues to reside in Buffalo, New York, with his wife and children.
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