Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- Sabellic including:
- Latino-Faliscan including:
The Italic speakers were not native to Italy, but migrated into the Italian peninsula around 1500 bc, probably from central, or east-central Europe, along the Danube river. Before the Italic arrival, Italy was populated primarily by non-Indo-European groups.
The Italic languages are first attested in writing from Latin inscriptions dating to the 6th or 5th centuries BCE. The alphabets used are based on the Old Italic alphabet, which is itself based on the Greek alphabet. The Italic languages themselves show minor influence from the Etruscan and somewhat more from the ancient Greek languages.
As Rome extended its political dominion over the whole of the Italian peninsula, so too did Latin become dominant over the other Italic languages, which ceased to be spoken perhaps sometime in the 1st century AD. From so-called Vulgar Latin the Romance languages emerged.
The ancient Venetic language, as revealed by inscriptions (including complete sentences) is considered by many linguists to have been very close to the Italic languages.
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