Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania, a state of the United States of America. As of the 2000 census, it has a population of 48,950. It is the county seat of Dauphin County and lies on the banks of the Susquehanna River.
Harrisburg is also known for the infamous Three Mile Island incident, which occurred in nearby Middletown.
Harrisburg is the name city of Harrisburg International Airport, which is located in Middletown.
The Pennsylvania Railroad's main line from New York to Chicago passed, unsurprisingly, through Harrisburg. The line was electrified in the 1930s, with the wires reaching Harrisburg in 1938. They went no further. Plans to electrify through to Pittsburgh and thence to Chicago never saw fruition; sufficient funding was never available. Thus, Harrisburg became where the PRR's crack expresses such as the Broadway Limited changed from electric traction to (originally) a steam locomotive, and later a diesel locomotive.
Harrisburg is located at 40°16'11" North, 76°52'32" West (40.269789, -76.875613).
Harrisburg's western boundary is formed by the Susquehanna River.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 48,950 people, 20,561 households, and 10,917 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,330.4/km² (6,035.6/mi²). There are 24,314 housing units at an average density of 1,157.5/km² (2,997.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 31.72% White, 54.83% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 2.83% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.54% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. 11.69% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 20,561 households out of which 28.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.4% are married couples living together, 24.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 46.9% are non-families. 39.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 3.15.
In the city the population is spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $26,920, and the median income for a family is $29,556. Males have a median income of $27,670 versus $24,405 for females. The per capita income for the city is $15,787. 24.6% of the population and 23.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 34.9% of those under the age of 18 and 16.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Harrisburg is home to one of the most magnificant State Capitol buildings in the country. Completed in 1906, the central dome rises to a height of 272 feet. The building is adorned with sculpture, most notably the two groups, Love and Labor, the Unbroken Law and The Burdon of Life, the Broken Law by sculptor George Grey Barnard, murals by Violet Oakley and Edwin Austin Abbey and a magnificant tile floor by Henry Mercer which tells the story of the state of Pennsylvania.
The mayor of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania is Stephen R. Reed.
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