Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings
Born in County Down, Hastings joined the British army in 1771 and served in the American Revolution. He succeeded his father as Earl of Moira in 1793. Becoming a Whig in politics, he entered the government of All The Talents in 1806 as Master-General of the Ordnance, but resigned upon the fall of the ministry the next year.
Being a close associate of the Prince-Regent, it was through his influence that Moira was appointed Governor-General of India in 1813. His tenure as Governor-General was a memorable one, seeing a victorious war against the Gurkhas of Nepal in 1816, the final conquest of the Marathas in 1818, and the purchase of the island of Singapore in 1819. His domestic policy in India was also largely successful, seeing the repair of the Mogul canal system in Delhi as well as educational and administrative reforms. He was raised to the rank of Marquess of Hastings in 1817.
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