Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof is one of the great stage and film musicals. It opened on Broadway in 1964 with music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and libretto by Joseph Stein . Zero Mostel played the protagonist, Tevye the milkman, Maria Karnilova his wife Golde, Beatrice Arthur as Yente the Matchmaker, and Bert Convy as Perchik the student revolutionary.
The Broadway production won nine Tony Awards:
- Best Musical
- Composer and lyricist: Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick
- Leading actor: Zero Mostel
- Featured actress: Maria Karnilova
- Author: Joseph Stein
- Producer: Harold Prince
- Director: Jerome Robbins
- Choreographer: Jerome Robbins
- Costume designer: Patricia Zipprodt
The story is based on Tevye and his Daughters, or Tevye the Milkman by Sholom Aleichem, and is set in the Jewish shtetl of Anatevka in Tsarist Russia in 1905. It centers on Tevye's attempts to maintain family and religious traditions while adapting to new pressures. These manifest themselves chiefly in the strong-willed actions of Tevye's eldest three daughters, who each select her own husband (directly or indirectly), contrary to tradition. Eventually, a pogrom takes place and all the Jewish families are forced to leave Anatevka to find new homes in other countries.
The best-known songs from the tuneful but unconventional score are If I Were A Rich Man, Sunrise, Sunset and Matchmaker, Matchmaker Make Me A Match .
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details