Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Dunavska banovina (Banovina of Danube, Banat of Danube, Danubian Banat) was province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. This province consisted of Srem, Backa, Banat, Baranja and Sumadija. Capital city of Dunavska banovina was Novi Sad. Population of this region was: Serbs and Croats (56,9%), Hungarians (18,2%), Germans (16,3%). Province was named after the river Danube (Dunav).
In 1941, the Axis Powers occupied Dunavska banovina. Backa and Baranja were attached to Hungary while Srem was attached to the Independent State of Croatia. Smaller Dunavska banovina (including Banat and Sumadija) existed as part of Serbia between 1941 and 1944 and its capital city was Smederevo (But Banat itself was separate autonomous region ruled by German minority).
The region was restored in 1945 as a province of Serbia (incorporating Srem, Banat and Backa). Instead of previous name (Dunavska banovina), region officially gains name: Vojvodina, and its capital city remained Novi Sad.
Some large cities of former Dunavska banovina were: Novi Sad, Subotica, Petrovgrad (Zrenjanin), Sombor, Kikinda, Sremska Mitrovica, Kragujevac, Smederevo, Pozarevac. According to 1931 census, Dunavska banovina had 2,387,495 inhabitants.
Source: Enciklopedija Novog Sada, sveska 7, urednik Dr Dusan Popov, Novi Sad, 1996.
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