Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Duke of Fife
Duke of Fife is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, named after Fife in Scotland. There have been two creations of the title, the first in 1887 and the second in 1900, both in favor of Sir Alexander Duff, 6th Earl Fife in the Peerage of Ireland and 1st Earl of Fife in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The 1st Duke of Fife was the husband of Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife, the third child and eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.
Queen Victoria's Letters Patent of 29 June 1887 contained the standard remainder "heirs male of his body." Letters Patent of 24 April 1900 granted a second Dukedom of Fife with a special remainder that allowed the title to pass to the daughters of the first Duke, in default of a son, and then to the male heirs of those daughters. The title passed to the first Duke's elder daughter, Her Highness Princess Alexandra of Fife (nee Lady Maud Duff). Since Princess Alexandra's only son, Alastair Arthur Windsor, 2nd Duke of Connaught, had predeceased her, the dukedom passed to her nephew, Lord Carnegie, the son of Charles Carnegie, 11th Earl of Southesk , and his wife, Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk. The present Duke of Fife is a female-line great grandson of Edward VII and a member of the extended British Royal Family. His heir apparent is David Charles Carnegie, Earl of Southesk.
The Dukedom of Fife was the last dukedom created in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, except for those created for sons of the Sovereign.
From 1790 until 1809 (extinct) and from 1827 until its extinction in 1857, the title Baron Fife (GB / UK) was held by the Earl Fife. In 1735 the title of Baron Braco of Kilbryde (I) was created for the later 1st Earl Fife.
The titles Earl Fife (created 1759), Earl of Fife (1885), Viscount Macduff (1759) Baron Braco of Kilbryde (1735) and Baron Skene (1857) became extinct along with the first Dukedom of Fife. Earl of Fife and Baron Skene are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, all the others are in the Peerage of Ireland.
The subsidiary titles held by the present Duke are: Earl of Macduff (created 1900), Earl of Southesk (1633), Lord Carnegie of Kinnaird (1616) and Baron Balinhard (1869). Earl of Macduff and Baron Balinhard are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, all the others are in the Peergae of Scotland . And all subsidiary titles but the Earl of Macduff have been subsidiary titles of the Earl of Southesk.
Lords Carnegie of Kinnaird (1616)
Earls of Southesk (1633)
Earls Fife (1759)
- William Duff, 1st Earl Fife (c. 1696-1763)
- James Duff, 2nd Earl Fife (1729-1809)
- Alexander Duff, 3rd Earl Fife (1731-1811)
- James Duff, 4th Earl Fife (1776-1857)
- James Duff, 5th Earl Fife (1814-1879)
- Alexander Duff, 6th Earl Fife (1840-1912) (became Duke of Fife in 1887)
Dukes of Fife, First Creation (1887)
Dukes of Fife, Second Creation (1900)
- Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife (1840-1912)
- Her Highness Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife (1891-1959)
- James George Alexander Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife (b. 1929) inherited the Earldom of Southesk (12th) in 1992
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details