Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
In the Roman Republic, and later the empire, the Curule chair (in Latin the sellis curulis) was the chair upon which senior magistrates or promagistrates owning imperium were entitled to sit including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, and curule aediles. Also the Flamen of Iuppiter was entitled to sit on one. In the latter Republic, Caesar the Dictator was entitled to sit upon a curule chair made of gold.
The Curule chair was made of ivory; with curved legs forming a wide X; it had no back, and low arms. The chair could be folded, and thus made easily transportable for magisterial and promagesterial commanders in the field.
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