Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Culture of Israel
The culture of Israel, also called "Israeli culture", is inseparable from long history of Judaism and Jewish history which preceded it (i.e. dated earlier than the Israeli Declaration of Independence, on May 14 1948). However, this article concerns only the cultural aspects of the modern Israeli state.
With a population drawn from more than one hundred countries on five continents, Israeli society is rich in cultural diversity and artistic creativity. The arts are actively encouraged and supported by the government. The Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra performs throughout the country and frequently tours abroad. The Jerusalem Symphony, the orchestra of the Israeli Broadcasting Authority, also tours frequently as do other musical ensembles. Almost every municipality has a chamber orchestra or ensemble, many boasting the talents of gifted performers recently arrived from the countries of the former Soviet Union.
Folk dancing, which draws upon the cultural heritage of many immigrant groups, is very popular. Israel also has several professional ballet and modern dance companies. There is great public interest in the theater; the repertoire covers the entire range of classical and contemporary drama in translation, as well as plays by Israeli authors.
Of the three major repertory companies, the most famous, Habimah, was founded in 1917.
Active artist colonies thrive in Safed, Jaffa, and Ein Hod , and Israeli painters and sculptors exhibit and sell their works worldwide. Haifa, Tel Aviv, and Jerusalem have excellent art museums, and many towns and kibbutzim have smaller high-quality museums. The Israel Museum in Jerusalem houses the Dead Sea Scrolls along with an extensive collection of Jewish religious and folk art. The Museum of the Diaspora is located on the campus of Tel Aviv University. Israelis are avid newspaper readers. Israeli papers have an average daily circulation of 600,000 copies. Major daily papers are in Hebrew; others are in Arabic, English, French, Polish, Yiddish, Russian, Hungarian, and German.
Poetry and literature
- Hayyim Nahman Bialik
- Natan Alterman
- Abraham Shlonsky
- Leah Goldberg
- Yehudah Amichai
- Nathan Zach
- David Avidan
- Rachel (poet)
- Dalia Rabikovich
- Neomi Shemer (1930-2004)
- Shmuel Yosef Agnon (winner of the Nobel prize for literature in 1966)
- Aharon Appelfeld
- David Grossman
- Ram Oren
- Amos Oz
- Meir Shalev
- A.B. Yehoshua
- Dan Zalka
- Nahum Gutman
- Yigal Tomarkin
- Danny Karavan
- Yaakov Agam
- Reuven (painter)
- Menashe Kadishman
- Mordecai Ardon
- Abraham Yakin
- Hannah Yakin
- Meir Pichhadze
More than 200 museums are operating in Israel with millions of visitors annually.
Major museums in Jerusalem are:
- The Israel Museum
- The Rockefeller Museum in East Jerusalem,
- The Ticho House.
- The L.A. Mayer Institute for Islamic Art.
- The Tower of David Museum of the History of Jerusalem.
- The Yad Vashem Museum in Jerusalem.
Major museums in Tel Aviv are:
- The Tel Aviv Museum of Art
- The Eretz Israel Museum in Ramat Aviv.
- Beit Hatefutsot (The Diaspora Museum), located on the Tel Aviv University campus.
- Beit Hapalmach in Ramat Aviv.
- Museum of the History of Tel Aviv-Jaffa and Independence Hall.
Major museums in Haifa are:
See main article: Music of Israel.
Israeli music is very versatile and combines elements of both western and eastern music. It tends to be very eclectic and contains a wide variety of influences from the Diaspora and more modern cultural importation: Hassidic songs, Asian and Arab pop, especially Yemenite singers, and hip hop or heavy metal.
Film and theatre
Repertory theater companies
- Amos Gitay - Kadosh, Kedma, Alila.
- Dover Kosashvili - Late Wedding.
- Boaz Davidson .
- Assi Dayan - Givat Halfon Eina Ona (Halfon Hill does not respond), The life according to Agfa, A Whale in Sharton beach.
- Uri Zohar - Lul, Metzitzim (Peeping Toms), Hor Ba-Levana (A hole in the moon).
- Eytan Fox - Yossi & Jagger
- Hanoch Levin -Bathtub Queen, Hefetz.
- Nissim Aloni
- Yehoshua Sobol
- Hillel Mittelpunkt
- Edna Mazia - Herodes
- Avraham Shlonsky - Utz Li Gutz Li.
- Anat Gov
- Chaim Topol - Salah Shabati, James Bond.
- Yael Abecassis - Kadosh, Alila.
- Gila Almagor.
- Mili Avital.
- Arik Einstein - Lul, Metzitzim.
- Raz Dagan - The Mummy, Alexander (the Great).
Comedy and satire
- Hagashash Hachiver - הגשש החיוור .
- Ephraim Kishon.
- Ephraim Sidon .
- Orna Banay .
- Eli Yatzpan .
- Tuvya Tzafir .
- Tal Friedman .
- Shaike Ofir .
- Zeu Ze band.
- Shlomo Barabba .
- Uri Zohar .
- List of Israelis
- List of Israeli musical artists
- List of Hebrew language poets
- List of Hebrew language authors
- List of Israeli actors
- List of Hebrew language playwrights
- Music of Israel
- Science and technology in Israel
- Israeli art students
- Secular Jewish culture
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