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Communist Party of Great Britain (Provisional Central Committee)
The Communist Party of Great Britain (Provisional Central Committee) is a tiny British Leninist political grouping, which publishes the Weekly Worker newspaper. This is noted for its commentary on - some say gossip about - other socialist groups.
The origins of the CPGB (PCC) lie in the split of the New Communist Party of Britain from the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) in 1977. Under the influence of a faction of the Communist Party of Turkey, a handful attempted to rejoin the then CPGB. Few actually regained party cards but the grouping began to publish The Leninist, first as a journal, then as a more or less monthly paper.
Initially The Leninist appeared to be a Left Stalinist publication in its politics, but over time it mutated into something very different. This may be due to the relative openness of the group to the world outside the closed circles of the communist movement, or due to their isolation that forced them to confront the various Trotskyist groups, which make up the largest part of the far left in Britain. They entered into a series of exchanges with different far left groups, beginning with the Spartacist League.
After the break-up of the CPGB, the group declared their intention to reforge the Party on what they declared to be "firm Leninist principles". They organised an emergency conference , at which they claimed the CPGB name, but not its assets. They also changed the name of their paper, increasing its regularity to weekly.
By the early 1990s, the group was working closely with the tiny Revolutionary Democratic Group and the Open Polemic discussion magazine. They sought to deepen their links with a group of recent ex-members of the Socialist Workers Party who called themselves the International Socialist Group, not knowing this name was already in use by another group! The CPGB(PCC) described this process as communist rapprochement. The attempt failed as the ISG collapsed and Open Polemic briefly enrolled a few of its supporters in the CPGB(PCC), only for them to quit in a row over money. The RDG still publishes paid-for articles in the Weekly Worker.
The party was for a short while embedded in the Socialist Labour Party, but left to join the Socialist Alliance, in which they came to work closely with the Alliance for Workers Liberty, and proposed a merger of their papers, rejected by the AWL. The two have since politically drifted apart.
More recently, the CPGB(PCC) have concluded that in practice the Socialist Alliance is moribund. They enrolled into the RESPECT Unity Coalition, hoping to influence the members of the Socialist Workers Party, its largest component, but a minority formed a faction, called the Red Platform, opposed to working within RESPECT, calling instead for the group to rejoin the Democratic Platform of the Socialist Alliance. The Red Platform won their aim but the majority continue to work within RESPECT. Their membership has remained small, never exceeding 40. This was further reduced by a split of some of their members, who left to create the Red Party in August 2004 over a disagreement about their views being published in the paper.
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