Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town.
City councils generally consist of several (usually somewhere between 5 and 50, depending on the city's size) elected aldermen or councillors. In some cities, the mayor is a voting member of the council; in others, the mayor is the city chief executive (or strong mayor ) with veto power over city council legislation. In larger cities the council may elect other executive positions as well, such as a council president and speaker.
The role of the mayor in the council varies depending on whether or not the city uses council-manager government or mayor-council government, and by the nature of the statutory authority given to it by state law, city charter, or municipal ordinance.
In some cities a different name for the municipal legislature is used. In San Francisco, for example, it is known as the Board of Supervisors because San Francisco is a consolidated city-county and the California constitution requires each county to have a Board of Supervisors.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details