Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The term "the 10th of August" is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tuileries Palace on August 10, 1792, the effective end of the French monarchy until it was restored in 1814.
700 BC-AD 1899
- 612 BC - Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh.
- AD 955 - Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of the West.
- 1492 - Alexander VI is elected Pope.
- 1519 - Ferdinand Magellan's 5 ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe.
- 1680 - Pueblo Revolt begins in New Mexico.
- 1792 - French Revolution: Storming of the Tuileries Palace. Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody.
- 1809 - Ecuador declares independence from Spain.
- 1821 - Missouri is admitted as the 24th U.S. state.
- 1846 - The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the U.S. Congress after $500,000 was given for such a purpose by scientist Joseph Smithson .
- 1856 - In Louisiana, a hurricane kills about 400 people.
- 1861 - American Civil War: Battle of Wilson's Creek - The war enters Missouri when a band of raw Confederate troops defeat Union forces in the southwestern part of the state.
- 1893 - At Augsburg, Rudolf Diesel's prime model runs on its own power for the first time. Because of this, August 10 is the International Biodiesel Day.
- 1913 - Second Balkan War ends: Delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.
- 1920 - World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI's representatives sign the Treaty of Sevres which divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies.
- 1932 - A 5.1 kg chondrite type meteorite broke into at least seven pieces and struck earth near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
- 1944 - World War II: American forces defeat the last Japanese troops on Guam.
- 1948 - Candid Camera makes its television debut after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone .
- 1949 - US President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Bill , streamlining the defense agencies of the United States government, and replacing the National Military Establishment with the United States Department of Defense.
- 1954 - At Massena, New York, the ground breaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held.
- 1969 - A day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others, members of Charles Manson's cult kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca.
- 1977 - In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz ("Son of Sam") is arrested for a series of killings in the New York City area over a year's period.
- 1981 - The head of John Walsh's son Adam is found in Hollywood, Florida. This event will later prompt the U.S. Congress to pass the Missing Children's Act , giving the Federal Bureau of Investigation greater authority to track the disappearance of children. It also makes Walsh a national spokesman against crime and eventually leads to the establishment of America's Most Wanted.
- 1988 - Japanese American Internment: US President Ronald Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans who were either interned or relocated by in the United States during World War II.
- 1990 - The Magellan space probe reaches Venus.
- 1995 - Oklahoma City bombing: Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the bombing. Michael Fortier pleads guilty in a plea-bargain agreement for his testimony.
- 1267 - James II of Aragon (d. 1327)
- 1397 - Albert II of Habsburg, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
- 1520 - Madeleine de Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (d. 1537)
- 1821 - Jay Cooke, financier (d. 1905)
- 1845 - Abai Kunanbaev, Kazak poet (d. 1904)
- 1869 - Laurence Binyon, British poet (d. 1943)
- 1872 - Bill Johnson, jazz musician (d. 1972)
- 1874 - Herbert Hoover, President of the United States (d. 1964)
- 1880 - Robert L. Thornton, Dallas businessman, philanthropist and mayor
- 1898 - Jack Haley, actor (d. 1979)
- 1900 - Arthur Espie Porritt, New Zealand politician and athlete
- 1902 - Norma Shearer, actress (d. 1983)
- 1902 - Curt Siodmak , science fiction author (d. 2000)
- 1912 - Jorge Amado, novelist
- 1913 - Wolfgang Paul, physicist (d. 1993)
- 1923 - Rhonda Fleming, actress
- 1928 - Jimmy Dean, country and western singer
- 1940 - Bobby Hatfield, singer, the Righteous Brothers (d. 2003)
- 1943 - Ronnie Spector, singer, lead singer of the Ronettes
- 1947 - Ian Anderson, musician (Jethro Tull)
- 1959 - Rosanna Arquette, actress
- 1960 - Antonio Banderas, actor (Desperado, Spy Kids)
- 1963 - Andrew Sullivan, gay journalist and blogger
- 1965 - Claudia Christian, actress (Babylon 5)
- 1965 - John Starks, basketball player
- 1967 - Riddick Bowe, world champion boxer
- 1967 - Lorraine Pearson , member of British pop group Five Star
- 1971 - Justin Theroux , actor
- 1971 - Roy Keane, Irish international footballer
700 BC-AD 1899
- 612 BC - Sinsharishkun, Assyrian king
- AD 258 - Saint Lawrence, martyr
- 1653 - Maarten Tromp, Dutch admiral
- 1839 - John St Aubyn, British fossil collector
- 1862 - Shusaku Honinbo, Go player
- 1875 - Karl Andree, German geographer (b. 1808)
- 1896 - Otto Lilienthal, Aviation pioneer
- 1945 - Robert Goddard, rocket scientist
- 1948 - Montague Summers, English writer on the theatre and the occult (b. 1880)
- 1963 - Estes Kefauver, United States Senator from Tennessee
- 1980 - Yahya Khan, President of Pakistan
- 1993 - Řystein Aarseth, musician (Mayhem)
- 1997 - Conlon Nancarrow, composer
Holidays and observances
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