Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais
Alexandre François Marie, Vicomte de Beauharnais (May 28, 1760 - July 23, 1794) was a French political figure and general. He was the first husband of Joséphine de Beauharnais, who later married Napoléon Bonaparte, and became Empress of France.
His paternal grandparents Claude de Beauharnais (1680 - 1738) and Renee Hardouineau (1696 - 1744) were married in La Rochelle during 1713. His father François de Beauharnais , Marquess de la Ferte-Beauharnais (1714 - 1800) served as a governor of Martinique . Alexandre was the third son born to him by his first wife Marie Henriette Pyvart de Chastullé (1722 - 1767). His father was remarried in 1796 to Eugenie Tascher de la Pagerie (1739 - 1803).
- Eugène de Beauharnais (September 3, 1781 - February 21, 1824).
- Hortense de Beauharnais (April 10, 1783 - October 5, 1837), later mother of Napoleon III of France.
Alexandre fought in Louis XVI's army in the American Revolutionary War. He was later deputy of the nobility at the Estates-General, and was president of the National Constituent Assembly from June 19 to July 3, 1791 and from July 31 to August 14, 1791. Made a general in 1792, he refused in June 1793 to become Ministry of War. He was named general in chief of the Army of the Rhine in 1793.
On March 2, 1794, the Committee of General Security ordered his arrest. Accused of having poorly defended Mayence in 1793, and considered an aristocratic "suspect", he was jailed in the Carmes prison and sentenced to death, during the Reign of Terror. His wife was jailed in the same prison on April 21, 1794, but she was freed after three months, thanks to the trial of Robespierre. Alexandre was guillotined, together with his brother Augustin, on the Place de la Révolution (today's Place de la Concorde) in Paris.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details