Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|State motto||We Dare Defend Our Rights|
|State tree||Longleaf Pine|
|State spirit||Conecuh Ridge Fine Alabama Whiskey|
Main article: History of Alabama
Alabama was once a region claimed by the Spaniards as part of Florida. The English also claimed it as part of the province of Carolina. Nevertheless, when the French took over Louisiana they also took over the territory including Alabama. Later when the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase and the Mississippi Territory, there was much controversy as to whether or not Alabama was included. Nevertheless, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819.
The state of Alabama seceded from the Union and became a Confederate state on January 11, 1861. While not many battles were fought in the state, it contributed about 120,000 soldiers to the Civil War. After the war a provisional government was set up in 1865 and Alabama was readmitted to the Union in June 1868.
Law and government
Main article: Law and Government of Alabama
The current governor of the state is Bob Riley and the two U.S. senators are Jefferson B. Sessions III and Richard C. Shelby (all three from the Republican Party). The current Alabama Constitution was adopted in 1901.
Main article: Geography of Alabama
Alabama is the 30th largest state in the United States with 135,765 km2 (52,419 mi2) of total area. 3.2% of that is water, making Alabama 23rd in the amount of surface water. About three-fifths of the land area is a gentle plain with a general incline towards the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. Alabama generally ranges in elevation from sea level at Mobile Bay, to a little more than 1800 feet or 550 meters near the Georgia state line. The highest point is Mount Cheaha.
According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the 2003 total gross state product was $132 billion. The per capita income for the state was $26,505 in 2003. Alabama's agricultural outputs are poultry and eggs, cattle, nursery stock, peanuts, cotton, vegetables, milk, and soybeans. Its industrial outputs are paper, lumber and wood products, mining, rubber and plastic products, transportation equipment and apparel.
As of 2003, Alabama had a total population of 4,500,752.
48.3% is male, and 51.7% is female.
- 70.1% are White
- 26% are Black
- 1.7% are Hispanic
- 0.7% are Asian
- 0.5% are American Indian
- 1% are mixed race
Religiously, Alabama is overwhelmingly Protestant. The religious affiliations of the people of Alabama are as follows:
- 88% - Protestant
- 5% - Roman Catholic
- 1% - Other Christian
- 0% - Other Religions
- 4% - Non-Religious
As of 2000, 96.7% of Alabama residents age 5 and older speak English at home and 2.2% speak Spanish. German speakers make up only 0.4% of the population, French/French Creole at 0.3%, and Chinese at 0.1%.
Important cities and towns
Main article: List of cities in Alabama
Colleges and Universities (incomplete)
Culture and interests
- Famous Alabamians
- Music of Alabama
- Alabama Public Television, state wide public TV network
- List of television stations in Alabama
- Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail
- Alabama Shakespeare Festival
¹ The phrase The Heart of Dixie is required by state law to be included on all state license plates.
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